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Glossary of terms for EV drivers

There are many words and concepts you need to understand as an EV driver. Here are some of the most common. This is the glossary of terms for electric drivers!

A-F

AC
Alternating current.

AC charger
An AC charger is the same as a normal charger.

AC charging
AC charging is charging at a charge point that offers alternating current. The EV has an onboard charger that converts this to direct current. All batteries use direct current. The onboard charger is a bottleneck for charging speed. When you charge your EV at home, it is AC charging.

Adapter
Cable transition.

Battery management system
The battery management system in the EV monitors the battery’s charge level and controls the vehicle’s power consumption. In addition, the system determines how fast the battery will charge – which is why we say that the vehicle determines the charging speed, not the charger.

BEV
BEV stands forbattery electric vehicle. This is used for all-electric vehicles, and not for chargeable hybrids.

Blue adapter
Adapter used in a blue industrial outlet with 32 amps on 230 volt systems. Provides charging power of 7.4 kW.

CCS
This fast charging standard is newer than CHAdeMO, and has become a European standard. Most new EVs usually come with this standard. CCS provides charging power up to 350 kW for compatible models.

CHAdeMO
Originally a Japanese charging standard and cable type. Some older Asian EVs use this connector. Of EVs available on the market today, only Nissan still uses it. In addition, Tesla can use this type with a CHAdeMO adapter. CHAdeMO provides charging power of up to 62.5 kW, most often up to 50 kW in Norway.

Charge point
A charge point is synonymous with a charging outlet. [DVX31] Some of our chargers have multiple charging outlets/charge points, which means that several EVs can charge at the same time.Charging speed
Charging speed is the speed at which the battery is charged. We measure this in kilowatts (kW).

Charging station with dynamic load balancing
At charging stations with dynamic load balancing, the charging speed (power) will vary based on how many vehicles are using the system to charge at the same time and how much power is available.

Combination price
On some chargers, you pay both for the time you use the charger (per minute) and for the power you receive (per kWh). We call this a combination price.

Consumption
Measured in kWh/km and used when calculating the estimated range.

DC
Direct current. Used for fast charging. With DC, the EV’s onboard charger is bypassed, and charging takes place directly from the charging station to the battery.

Dynamic load balancing
A charging station with dynamic load balancing ensures good utilisation of the power grid, by distributing available capacity to the charging points in use.

Electric vehicle
An electric vehicle is a vehicle that is powered by electricity and not an internal combustion engine. The energy for propulsion is usually stored in batteries.

EV
EV stands for electric vehicle. In many countries, the term EV is used for both all-electric vehicles and chargeable hybrids.

Estimated range
The vehicle’s range based on previous consumption on the drive.

Fast charger
A fast charger provides charging speeds between 50 and 100 kW. It is faster than a normal charger, but slower than a rapid charger. Fast chargers have fixed CHAdeMO and CCS cables. Some also have an AC outlet or an AC cable. Only one car can charge at a time on a fast charger, unless it also has an AC outlet/cable – then this can be used as well.

Fossil vehicle
Fossil vehicle has become a term used by the media to describe vehicles with internal combustion engines.

Did you know that…

Recharge has an open charging network that allows you as an EV driver to choose which provider you want to buy the power from?

See all our e-mobility service providers

G-L

Home charger
A home charger is what we generally call a wall charger. The Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association recommends that you install a home wall charger (also called a “home charger”) where you normally charge your EV. A wall charger allows you to charge your EV more safely and quickly than if you use a standard outlet. This is because wall chargers are made especially for electric cars.

High power charger
High power charger are our fastest charging option! A high power charger can deliver charging speeds from 150 to 350 kW, and we estimate a charging times from 10-45 minutes. depending on vehicle type and battery level. Most EVs can use our high power chargers, but not all vehicles can utilize the high speed. The cable is always fixed.

Hybrid
A hybrid vehicle uses both an internal combustion engine and an electric motor as a power source. Most hybrids can be charged, but only a few use regenerated power. Hybrids have a much shorter range when driving on electricity than electric vehicles. But hybrids can switch to propulsion with an internal combustion engine along the way.

ICE
ICE stands for internal combustion engine. The term ICE is often used for a vehicle with an internal combustion engine (fossil vehicle), i.e. in contrast to an electric vehicle.

ICEd
Used to describe a situation when a fossil vehicle is blocking a charger. Plays on the word “iced”. Often generates a lot of angry comments on social media.

kW
kW stands for kilowatts and says something about how fast the electricity enters the EV battery. Kilowatt measures the power, or the charging speed. If you charge at 50 kW for one hour – you will receive 50 kWh of power.

kWh
kWh stands forkilowatt-hour. In Norwegian, it is “kWt”.

kWt
kWt is the Norwegian abbreviation for kilowatt-hours and measures power consumption. Your home electricity bill states your power consumption in kilowatt-hours.

kWt/kWh price
On some chargers, you only pay for the power you receive. The price is slightly higher than the kWh price you pay for the electricity at home, because access to higher power is more expensive, in addition to covering costs for the charger and other expenses.

Is there anything you think we should add to our glossary?

If so, we would love to hear from you!

Send your tip to kundeservice@rechargeinfra.com!

M-R

Medium-speed charging
Medium-speed charging is another name for normal charging.

Minute price
On some chargers, you pay for the time you occupy the charger, whether the car is charging or not.

Onboard charger
EVs have a converter that converts alternating current from the power grid to direct current that can charge the battery.

PHEV
PHEV stands for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle. These are also known as chargeable hybrids or just hybrid vehicles.

Power
Power is actually amperes, but in everyday speech we use it about quantity, e.g. how much power the battery has left. Power consumption is measured in kilowatt hours (kWh). EVs have batteries with a given number of kWh. Smaller EVs use fewer kWh per kilometre than larger vehicles.

Power
Power is the speed at which the battery is charged. We call it charging speed. The power is stated in kilowatts (kW).

Power (kW)
Power is the charging speed and is measured in kW. A charging station may have one or more charge points or charging cables. You can see the maximum power available per outlet/cable at the charging station. The power available can vary at all types of charging stations, including fast chargers. The power stated is the maximum power the charging station can provide, but be aware that your vehicle may limit the charging speed.

Rapid charger
Rapid chargers are an efficient way to charge your EV! Most of our charging stations deliver a charging speed of max 50 kW, and we estimate a charging time from 15 to 120 minutes, depending on vehicle type and battery level. On a rapid charger the cable is always fixed.

Did you know that…

 You can charge your EV with an RFID card or key fob or app from several e-mobility service providers, or you can choose one of our simple drop-in services and pay by SMS?

Our charging methods

 S–Z

Schuko
A Schuko is a standard, earthed outlet and connector that most people have at home. A Schuko connector is protected with earthing, but it is only recommended as an emergency solution when charging an EV.

Semi-fast charging
Semi-fast charging is another name for normal charging.

Slow charger
We have many different slow chargers! Available power at the charging station can vary from 3.6 kW to 22 kW. The amount of kW that different EVs can receive varies, so we estimate a charging time of 3–10 hours. You must have your own charging cable with a Type 2 connector to use our slow chargers.

Type 1 connector
This is the most common connector for older Japanese models, such as the Nissan Leaf, Kia Soul and Mitsubishi i-Miev. You can charge your EV on a normal charger with a Type 1 to Type 2 cable. Type 1 connectors can handle up to 19 kW.

Type 2
Type 2 is the connector that is on all normal chargers, and also on most newer electric cars. You can charge on a normal charger with a Type 2 to Type 2 cable. Type 2 connectors are also sometimes called “Mennekes”, and they can handle up to 43 kW charging power.

Wall charger
A wall charger is the charging station you often have at home. It provides safer and faster charging than a normal wall outlet. When charging an EV with a wall charger, you use a special EV cable that is made to withstand high loads over time. Wall chargers are available both with and without a fixed cable. Charging with a wall charger can reduce costs when the price of electricity is high.

Watt
Watt is the unit of measurement for power, i.e. transferred energy per unit of time.

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